What is Google's search share, really?

It sounds like such a simple question. But like an impressionist painting, the closer you look, the more the image deteriorates.

ComScore says Google accounts for 44% of Internet searches in the US.
Netratings (owned by the Nielsen survey people) says Google's share is 49%.
Hitwise says Google's share is 60%.
says Google's share is 85%.

What the heck is going on?

First of all, no one on Earth knows what Google's actual share is. In order to get that number, you'd have to know the exact number of searches conducted on every search engine on the Internet, and the search companies don't release that data. So various companies are using different methodologies to estimate the number.

Netratings and ComScore monitor panels of people who have web meters installed on their computers (similar to the way Nielsen measures TV ratings). Hitwise aggregates and weights the usage logs from ISPs. Alexa tracks web usage by people who have installed its toolbar.

The methodologies are different, but they shouldn't produce that much of a skew. Part of the disconnect may be due to differences in definitions. When is a search a search? Is it when someone goes to the search site, when they receive results from a search site, or when they actually click through on one of the results?

Alexa says it's measuring click-throughs. It's not clear what the other three are measuring, although I suspect that Netratings and ComScore are tracking searches conducted and not click-throughs. If either of them are just measuring visits to the search page, Yahoo's and MSN's traffic would be padded, because their homepages offer a lot more than a search box.

Even if Hitwise and Netratings are measuring actual searches, I guess it's possible that the average Google search generates more click-throughs than the average Yahoo search. That would explain the Alexa result – although I don't know why people would be more likely to click through on Google.

The disconnect is especially interesting to me because many weblogs report traffic that differs radically from the supposed search engine share. Many of them report more Google traffic than you'd expect from the ComScore and Netratings numbers.

(If you don't have your own website, I should give a little background – blog authors can get statistics showing where every visitor came from. We can't see who you are, but we can see which Internet domain you came from. If you used a search engine, we can see what query got you here and which search engine you used.)

The visitor logs for Mobile Opportunity show interesting trends from time to time. For example, my post on Adobe's plans to expand Flash into a platform got a fair number of readers from Adobe and Microsoft, but many more visits from the Yahoo corporate domain. Hmmmm. And for several months early this year, a lot of people at Motorola.com were searching online for the phrase "rokr failure."

As for which search engine generates the most traffic here, Google is the winner hands down, with 94% of the search engine referrals. MSN has 4%, and Yahoo only 2%. I don't know why that is. Maybe people looking for mobile-related information are more likely to use Google. Maybe Google drives more traffic toward weblogs in general, or specifically to Blogger-based weblogs (Google owns Blogger/Blogspot). Maybe people who do searches on Google are more likely to click through on the results.

Or maybe Google really is as dominant as Alexa says it is.

To test these some of questions, I did identical searches on Google, Yahoo, and MSN. I used "motorola rokr failure" as the search phrase because I knew Google ranked Mobile Opportunity high on that search.

Here are the top ten results for each:

It's remarkable. No web page showed up in the top ten in all three search engines. There is almost no overlap between the top Google and Yahoo results, and MSN has a little bit of each. It's almost as if there were two separate Internets, one being indexed by Yahoo and the other being indexed by Google, with MSN trying to straddle them. I know that's not really the case, but clearly each of the search engines are using very different search algorithms.

I did a few other duplicate searches, and all showed the same sort of diversity. I couldn't spot any obvious biases in any of the engines – for example, Yahoo doesn't seem to be systematically excluding blogs. And I can't say that one search engine's results are objectively better than another's; they all found some good results and some clunkers (seriously, Google – you listed an Overstock auction when you didn't list BusinessWeek?)

So I don't know what's going on, other than that Yahoo's search engine doesn't like me.

I'm sure other people with more time and insight have investigated this issue. Please post a link if you know of a good article on the subject.

In the meantime, hello to all you searchers from Google, and I hope you found the information you needed.


Anonymous said...

Business in business! If google is doing well, then let's give them a huge round of applause. They earn we learn!

Rachel Luxemburg said...

I tried a few keywords on both Yahoo and Google, and noticed that my (non-Blogger) blog had virtually identical ranking in the results on both sites.

Anecdotal observations are not a trend, but one thing does jump out at me when looking at the differences in our results -- you're blogging on a Google property. I'd be surprised if that fact did NOT have some sort of impact on your relative Yahoo vs Google ranking.

Obviously there's much more to the algorithms than just that one fact, but given that my blog doesn't show similar behavior, it's something to think about.

Michael Mace said...

Fiat wrote:

>>I tried a few keywords on both Yahoo and Google, and noticed that my (non-Blogger) blog had virtually identical ranking in the results on both sites.

Thanks very much for the info.

If you don't mind my asking, do you know how much traffic you get from each search engine? Your numbers ought to be more balanced than mine, and so a better test of the Google vs. Yahoo traffic thing.

>>you're blogging on a Google property. I'd be surprised if that fact did NOT have some sort of impact on your relative Yahoo vs Google ranking

On the one hand, I would not be surprised either. But on the other hand, I don't want to believe it. Biasing search results in favor of its own properties is exactly the sort of "evil" think Google says it won't do.

Or maybe given that both Google and MSN seem to list my blog higher than Yahoo, maybe it's not that Google is biased in favor of its properties, but that Yahoo is biased against them.

Either way, that would be pretty disappointing, even if it's not all that surprising.

None of this stuff explains why Alexa shows Google doing 80% of the searches while other sources give it <50% share. Somebody's deeply wrong. Considering how the traffic rankings are used in business, that has nasty implications.

For example, I know a VC that uses a site's Alexa ranking to help determine valuation for an acquisition. If those rankings turned out to have a systematic bias, it would mean a lot of web properties were being systematically under- or over-valued...

Rachel Luxemburg said...

>>If you don't mind my asking, do you know how much traffic you get from each search engine?<<

I don't have exact stats (I need to switch from SiteMeter to something better), but my best guess is than ~90% of my search traffic comes from Google. Feel free to take a look if you're curious.

Thinking about it some more, perhaps I was overly suspicious of motive in my earlier post. Yahoo might not be deliberately set up to rank Blogger sites lower -- all they would need to do is give more priority to FQDN sites (blahblah.com) instead of subdomains (blahblah.hostedsite.com) and the result would be the same, but with no overt anticompetitve bias. I'm in no position to have any insight into what's really happening, though, so it could be some other reason entirely.

I never gave Alexa much credence because I an not convinced that users of the Alexa toolbar are a good sample from which to extrapolate information about all Internet users. That said, I would not at all be surprised by that 80% figure. I handle SEO at the company I'm interning with, and Google's share of the search traffic there is right in line with that.

Michael Mace said...

Hey, I found a couple of articles that talk more about the difficulties of measuring website traffic.

This one talks about sampling biases in Alexa.

This one from Search Engine Watch is a longer discussion of the various tracking services. It's pretty heavy reading, but there's good info in it.

The bottom line: the tracking of Internet traffic is a mess. Reporting on changes (who's up or down) is more meaningful than the absolute numbers, and you should look at several tracking services and kind of average across them.

Michael Mace said...

I ran across another nice article on the problems with measuring site traffic. It's just an annoying issue for me personally, since this isn't a for-profit site. But for companies that advertise online, and people running high-traffic sites, it sounds like a nightmare.